Вроде как в субботу подписали первый этап к американо-европейскому глобальному торговому соглашению - TTP, оное с канадой - CETA.
"CETA было подписано сегодня от имени Бельгии министром иностранных дел Дидье Рейндерсом", — говорится в заявлении министерства.
Наблюдал краем глаза за протестами коренных европейцов против этой движухи - многотысячные демонстрации, выступления стихийных племенных вождей и шаманов не возымели воздействия на железную поступь псевдо наследников СРИГН'а )).
По энергетике - со стороны канады какие то разговоры про отмену Fuel Quality Directive:
One of Canada’s primary trade irritants with the European Union is a “Fuel Quality Directive” that deems oil sands crude to be dirtier than conventional oil, and therefore makes it more expensive for E.U. countries to import.
Согласно, которой канадскую нефть из "песков альберты" продавать в EU дороже, ну и про открытие европейского рынка для канадских сервисных компаний
So far, this discussion has looked only at in-bound investment from Europe. A crucial aspect of the deal, note Milos Barutciski and Matthew Kronby of Bennett Jones LLP in Toronto, is the degree to which it opens the door for Canadian energy companies interested in expanding into Europe.
In particular, the deal could be very good for Canadian oil service companies eying projects in Europe,
Mr. Barutciski says. “Our oil and gas industry goes far beyond the people who produce. We have some world class service companies.”
“There are things in this deal that will make it easier for Canadian service suppliers to get their personnel into the E.U. without visa hassles and to get the qualifications of their engineers and other professionals recognized in the E.U.,” Mr. Kronby adds.
Хотя какие это рынки? Уж не польский ли сланцевый газ ))
А вот многостраничные интеллектуальные стоны разбитых на голову европейских варваров:
Total, a French corporation with a subsidiary in Canada, has invested in Denmark, Poland and France. In 2010, the Danish government issued two exploration permits to Total and despite a moratorium the company began exploratory drilling in that country. Total has one Polish concession. The company also invested in France prior to the moratorium and filed a legal appeal against its license being withdrawn.
Chevron, a US-based company with subsidiaries in Canada, owns and operates four shale concessions in southeast Poland and since 2012 has been drilling exploratory wells. Before the Romanian moratorium, Chevron had the gigantic Barlad Shale concession. Chevron also had a 50% stake in an exploration and production company in Lithuania.
In early 2013, Shell signed the biggest shale gas contract in Europe – a $10 billion deal in the Ukraine where it will drill 15 test wells.
In 2011, ExxonMobil signed an agreement with Ukraine’s state energy company, Naftogaz. The company is pursuing shale gas potential in Germany, and in response to a moratorium in North-Rhine Westphalia, Exxon has developed a website to address public concern.
In partnership with Lane Energy, Texas-based Conoco Philips is assessing the reserves of 1.1 million acres in northern Poland.
Other North American companies interested in Europe’s shale gas reserves are Halliburton, Enegi, Talisman and Encana.
“Indirect expropriation”: Allows investors to claim compensation as a result of a regulation, law, policy, measure or other government decision that has the effect of reducing or eliminating profit-making opportunities for the firm. Since almost any government measure can fit that definition when seen from a certain (investment-biased) point of view, legitimate public policies have faced investor–state lawsuits globally.
Canada is proposing to include exceptions so investors cannot sue against regulations to protect public welfare, such as health, safety and the environment. Thus, Canada hopes to create more freedom to regulate without the fear of being sued.
According to the leaked CETA investment text, the EU, on the other hand, would apply both “necessity” and “effectiveness” tests to such public welfare measures, in other words placing a very big burden of proof on governments to justify any measures such as fracking moratoriums or strict regulations on energy projects.
“Fair and equitable treatment”: A vaguely defined minimum standard of treatment for foreign investors found in almost all bilateral and multilateral investment treaties. Because this clause is so vague and arbitrators tend to interpret it in an investor-friendly way, it is the clause most relied on by investors when suing states. It is cited in all of the current NAFTA claims against Canada.7
For example, a Canadian oil or gas company could argue that it was under the impression, given favourable signals from the EU or member state governments, that a fracking project was going to go ahead. This is exactly what happened in the Quebec case where the project was only halted by strong community resistance. Under CETA, a Canadian firm would be able to challenge this kind of moratorium or ban.
Because of how broadly investment tribunals tend to interpret minimum standards of treatment, Canada is trying to narrow the definition of the so-called fair and equitable treatment standard in CETA. But again, the EU favours a more expansive, pro-investor definition in line with the type of investment treaties favoured by Germany and the Netherlands.8
Вывод простой - европу взорвут не исламисты, а канадско-американские газовики вместе с местными бюрократами с которых CETA снимает последние обязательства перед автохтонами )))
И в ночь на хэллоуин, как обычно символично, был сделан первый реальный шаг в этом направлении к новому светлому европейскому будущему ))).